Friday, January 24, 2020

Mashua :: Botany

Mashua Mashua (Tropaeolum tuberosum Ruiz & Pavà ³n 1802), also known as isanu, cubio, aà ±u, ysaà ±o, or puel, is a tuber crop indigenous to the Andean highlands and is of economic value as a food and medicinal crop. This root crop ranks fourth in importance in the Andean region after potato, oca, and ulloco (NRC, 1989). Of the Andean tubers, mashua is one of the highest yielding, easiest to grow, and the most frost resistant. Mashua is cultivated in the Andes of Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Columbia, and Venezuela (Gibbs et al., 1978). It is currently being grown experimentally in New Zealand and the Pacific Northwest to evaluate its potential for worldwide cultivation (Soria et al., 1998). The tubers of T. tuberosum are an important source of food for around 9 million people living at elevations of 2500 to 4000 m throughout the Andes mountains (King and Gershoff, 1987). Mashua is an annual, herbaceous climber that belongs to the family Tropaeolaceae which includes about 100 species. Tropaeolum tuberosum is closely related to the garden Nasturtium, Tropaeolum majus L. (Vaughn and Geissler, 1997). Tropaeolum tuberosum grows to over 1-1.5 m in diameter and 0.5-0.8 m high with slender and cylindrical aerial stems. Both erect and prostrate forms of mashua are known. Mashua has alternate, circular, peltate, 3- to 5-lobed leaves, and glaborous, twining stems that attach themselves to other plants by tactile petioles (NRC, 1989). The flowers are long-stalked, solitary, axial, bisexual. The color of the flowers range from dark yellow, orange, and scarlet. The fruit is a schizocarp with three indehiscent carpels that contain joined seeds lacking endosperm (NRC, 1989, Torres et al., 1992). The seeds are abundant and viable at maturity although since mashua is propagated asexually many asexual forms have arose which occasionally set seed. The tubers of Tropaeolum tuberosum are produced on axillary stolons which enlarge to form terminal, elongate tubers which are slightly roughened from enlarge scale leaves (Sperling and King, 1990). The tubers vary in color from white to yellow with occasional variants that are purple or red. They are often striped or mottled red or purple, especially underneath the eyes. The flesh of the tuber is yellow (NRC, 1989). History Mashua has been cultivated since ancient times and tubers are often found in archeological sites (NRC, 1989). Pre-Incan pictograms representing potato, ulluco, oca, and mashua have been found which show evidence the importance of these tubers even in those times (Hodge, 1946).

Thursday, January 16, 2020

Leadership Interview Paper Essay

I interviewed Becky Hendrix, Executive Director for Professional Care Services. I recently had the honor of interviewing someone in our community who has had more than twenty years of leadership experience in our community. The interview ended up taking much longer than I expected because I was so influenced by what she had to say, I did not want to miss anything. Mrs. Becky Hendrix started her career as a CPA back in the 80’s for the World Color Press. Her leadership abilities were quickly realized, and she was promoted to head CPA. From there she moved on to the Professional Care Service where she remained for fifteen years serving as a CPA, and finally working her way up to the Executive Director. Becky was in charge of over 187 employees. My conversation with Becky took a direction that I did not expect. She attributes her success to the leadership traits that she has learned over the years, and quoted many of the very ideas and theories almost verbatim from our class lect ure. That was an incredible experience to witness firsthand how these traits become behaviors and practices. Throughout the course of our interview, Becky laid out the history of her leadership experience, and pointed out how she has learned many of her characteristics from watching other people. Becky heavily noted how leadership and management styles have made a drastic change over the last 30 years from the â€Å"my way, or the highway† (Hendrix) approach, to a servant leadership approach. Mrs. Hendrix recalled a plaque that use to hang in her bosses office in the 80’s that read â€Å"Beatings and hangings will continue until morale improves!† That was the strategy that was used back then, but disregarded the lingering question of â€Å"Why† in the eyes of the employees. Becky provided me with a great analogy that explained the concept of putting a screw into a board with a hammer. â€Å"You can drive a Screw into a board with a hammer, and it will go in; however, both she screw and the board will end up forever damaged and the board will eventually wiggle loose.† (Hendrix) Short term results can be achieved through toxic leadership, but long term goals will almost always fail. Throughout her experience with Professional Care Services, Becky noticed that approach being used, and vowed to change it within her area of leadership. She attributes her success to that very idea. Strong interpersonal skills are one of the most important characteristics she outlined for me. By that, she means â€Å"take time to be kind† (Hendrix). To achieve positive results out of the people in which she works with, Becky â€Å"turned her division upside down† (Hendrix) or transitioned to a servant leadership philosophy. She wanted her employees to feel like the president of the company was someone who not only cared about them and their concerns, but wanted to be someone who they could come to with any problems or ideas they have. â€Å"Seek first to understand before you try to be understood.† (Hendrix) By taking time through charismatic leadership to be kind to her employees, and being empathetic toward their work and personal lives, Becky was able to achieve above average results out of average people. The ability to â€Å"shut up and listen† is a key trait one must have to be a good leader. I asked her if she thought that by being friendly to her employees, and getting to know them personally interfered with her ability to delegate. Becky responded by stating that if you are firm but fair, honest and straight forward with people at all times, you will in turn commandeer respect from your employees which will provide both parties the necessary tools to excel in their respective positions. One must beware, however, of being insincere, because everyone will see right through you and lose all respect. One must lead by example and be constantly and actively aware on a daily basis that everyone is watching the leaders and modeling their actions after yours. â€Å"People don’t care what you know until they know that you care† (Hendrix). Another key trait that Becky noted was that leaders are the ones who are willing to â€Å"get up and try it.† When she was in her infant stage of leadership, she volunteered to run the store, for one of the managers. â€Å"She just threw me the keys and walked out the door! I was scared to death, but willing to give it a shot! Yeah, I made some mistakes but I also learned how to keep from making them again.† (Hendrix) Leadership is a series of conquering fears and taking on challenges regardless if you have all of the answers. Your mindset must be one of â€Å"I think I can fix that† (Hendrix). She closed the discussion on leadership traits and skills with a quote from one of her favorite authors, Zig Ziglar. â€Å"If you want to get all you can out of  life, you must first help others to get all they can out of life† (Hendrix). I told Mrs. Hendrix that she had given me some great insight as to what traits and skills were necessary to being a leader among women, but wanted to know more. For me really get an idea of how these ideas and theories can be put into practice, I needed to know how one goes about actually doing these things while being in a high workload-high stress position on a daily basis. Becky stated that it all starts with the golden rule of treating others the way you want to be treated. Take time to stop and think about each comment that you make. People will remember the things that you say and the way they perceive you. Always make a conscious effort wear a smile on your face (even if you don’t feel like it) when dealing with others. When you are in a position of authority, people will naturally fear you, and model your emotions. If you want to employees to be happy, simply act happy around them. Secondly, one must make it a point to address others by name at least twice in every conversation. Becky requires every one of the part time employees in her organization to wear a name tag so that she can remember their names and something about them. This is very difficult to do however when you have over 187 people working on your team. For that reason one must use their resources. Becky required her managers to know some personal details about each employee that worked in their store. They would hold special team building events outside of work such as an evening out on the town. When Becky makes a visit to a store, she would first brief herself with the manager about the employees who worked there. She would want to know who was doing well, and a little about their personal lives. She would then go to those people and praise them in front of their co-workers. A good strategy to use is to always praise in groups, and criticize in private. (Hendrix) When dealing with problematic employees, many managers unknowingly work around them for fear of having to deal with their complaints. When this occurs, the leader is actually rewarding the bad employee, and punishing the good employees by making them do the other persons work. This causes the good employees to slack off and learn to complain in order to get what they want. â€Å"If you don’t like what is being done, you better check what is being rewarded† (Hendrix). Another Key practice Becky discussed was the power of questioning. During our interview, Becky performed a card trick to prove a point. She had selected the 6 of diamonds and laid it face down on the desk without my knowledge. She then told me that I was going to figure out what the solution to the problem was (what card was on the desk). She began to ask me a series of questions that caused me to rule out various suites and numbers of cards. I was astonished to find out that after only a few questions, I had figured out what card was on the desk. It made me feel like I had rationally come up with the solution on my own, thus making me feel important about my accomplishment. Rather than criticize others, ask them questions to make them realize on their own what mistakes they are making and how to improve upon them (Hendrix). Finally, I wanted to know how she got to the level of understanding that she has achieved as a leader. From the standpoint of a student interested in becoming a leader, how do you get from point A to Point B? Mrs. Hendrix pointed out that you must take time to develop a clearly defined and concise personal mission statement. Furthermore, you must look at it each and every day and think about how you can utilize it in every situation. â€Å"You must learn to become a student of people, and be able to effectively communicate your visions and goals to others† (Hendrix). One can begin by taking initiative in their own environment may it be work, school, social groups or any other situation you have the opportunity to stand up and be a leader. Be willing to accept the fact that you will fail at times. â€Å"One who is willing to attempt leadership and fails is better than one who never tried at all.† (Hendrix). Listen to what others have to say, and encourage them to provide their input. Never criticize their ideas no matter how bad they may sound to you. This will prevent others from providing feedback that is crucial to your personal development as a leader. Most of all, Becky left me with the idea that leaders must have character and honesty. Leaders are born from the heart, not created or placed into their roles. Always act as a servant to others and listen to what they have to say. Toxic and Tyrannical leadership will spread like wildfire and destroy everything in its path. â€Å"You have to make people want to do their part in striving for the common good, but be able and willing to do it yourself† (Hendrix). References Hendrix, Becky. Executive Director Ashley Vance. 17 October 2014.

Wednesday, January 8, 2020

My First Experience With Peer Leading - 1791 Words

My first experience with peer leading was loud, overly peppy, and terrifying. I walked into the small cafe, completely unaware of what I was about to encounter. I had heard the rumors; the getting out of class, â€Å"the walk†, and the considerable amount of candy I would receive. As I went through the whole process of finding out my group, I realized the next few hours would be filled with complete strangers supposedly telling me how to survive high school. I scanned the two cafeterias, looking for a sign that was said to say â€Å"Micky Mouse†, or something of that nature. Once I found it, I warily dragged my feet over, forcing the smile I knew I should have on. Once I had made it through the seemingly perilous trek to that cafeteria table, I was†¦show more content†¦Coming in as a freshman can be thrilling or insanely nerve wracking. Whatever emotions the ninth graders may feel, I want to be the one to tell them that it is completely normal. One of the bigge st pressures of high school is the incessant need to feel like you â€Å"fit in†. As humans, we are biologically created to adapt. Fitting in is an understandable desire, but once we realize we can overcome that biological tendency, that is when it is possible to live life. It may have taken me years to realize that, but both Makayla and Matt helped me to finally be in a place I was content being in. I am extremely eager to also be one of those people. I am constantly looking for new experiences, especially ones where I can use my skills and challenge myself. As a peer leader, I would be able to use my insight and ambition to create the best possible atmosphere for incoming freshman. Knowing what it is like to feel so overwhelmed with the hubbub of high school, I could take what I have learned from my peer leaders and my personal experiences to show the more reserved people how great it can be to spread your wings a little farther. When given a challenge, I am always determined to be successful. It has been this way since I was five, and it has remained a constant part of who I am. I consider this a strength of mine, along with the other experiences I have had in leadership positions. I am currently aShow MoreRelatedService and Leadership Essay963 Words   |  4 Pagesguide the neighborhood. In schools, educators and peers can both help each other and lead by example. Regardless of how a society functions, every individual is blessed with the gift to serve and lead others to better livelihoods. More often than not, my service and leadership appeals to the emotional and spiritual expanses of a person. I am a servant and leader, and both encompass my life at home, as a part of my family’s structure. I know my role in the house; I am a mediator, a peacemakerRead MoreMy Honours And Master Thesis923 Words   |  4 PagesResearch Experience During my honours and master thesis, I have gained much vital research experience that will provide the necessary knowledge and experience to champion any projects in the future. I have gained expertise in various fields including molecular biology, biochemistry, proteomics and cellular biology. Among my skill set is profound application knowledge of recombinant DNA technology, bioinformatics, PCR, gel electrophoresis, DNA purification, and many others. I have designed andRead MoreProfessional Development for Teachers Essay1394 Words   |  6 Pageswere actually getting something out the workshops. A common goal must first be set in the mind of the participants thus leading to the building of professionalism of the school system. In this review we will look at some aids and guides to successful professional development. 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Effective communication skills are imperative, as a drum major must have an effectiveRead MoreEssay about Ideal Mate Theory778 Words   |  4 Pagesappeals to me are: 1. Best way to find a mate is base on parental control/role modelling meaning finding a mate that will be acceptable to my family. Life experiences and observation of relationships promotes the decision who is attractive to them and what they want in a mate based on the unconscious image of the ideal mate. Having knowledge of life experiences, and observation sets the standard between who is attractive – successful relationship, and individual with unattractive characteristics –Read MoreSensorimotor And Neurophysiological Basis Of Human Movement Studies1556 Words   |  7 Pagesbefore starting my PhD. I have a masters degree in motor control and my PhD work was about sensorimotor control of interceptive actions. Since finishing my PhD (8 years ago), I have been an active researcher in the field of sensorimotor control of movement. I consistently review manuscripts for the major specialist journals in my area of expertise (see https://publons.com/author/1179228/welbe r-marinovic#profile). I have published 35 peer-reviewed papers to date and have been the first author of theRead MorePersonal Leadership Development Plan Entries1068 Words   |  5 Pagessee myself from different perspectives, all of my attributes, both good and bad. I also found many lesson concepts relatable to assist me moving forward with my Air Force career. Over the next few pages, I will go into further detain regarding my five focus areas within our personal leadership development plan entries. I will link these entries to aid in the creation of my 5-year plan, while considering how I wish to be perceived by my leaders, peers, and subordinates. 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Monday, December 30, 2019

King Richard I of England - Richard the Lionheart

Richard, I was also known as: Richard the Lionheart, Richard the Lionhearted, Richard the Lion-Heart, Richard the Lion-hearted; from the French, Coeur de Lion, for his bravery Richard, I was known for: His courage and prowess on the battlefield, and his notable displays of chivalry and courtesy to his fellow knights and enemies. Richard was extremely popular during his lifetime, and for centuries after his death, he remained one of the most well-regarded kings in English history. Occupations: CrusaderKingMilitary Leader Places of Residence and Influence: EnglandFrance Important Dates: Born: Sept. 8, 1157Crowned king of England: Sept. 3, 1189Captured: March, 1192Freed from captivity: Feb. 4, 1194Crowned again: April 17, 1194Died: April 6, 1199 About Richard I: Richard the Lionheart was the son of King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine and the second king in the Plantagenet line. Richard was far more interested in his holdings in France and in his Crusading endeavors than he was in governing England, where he spent about six months of his ten-year reign. In fact, he nearly depleted the treasury left by his father in order to fund his Crusade. Though he scored some successes in the Holy Land, Richard and his fellow Crusaders failed to meet the objective of the Third Crusade, which was to recapture Jerusalem from Saladin. On his way home from the Holy Land in March of 1192, Richard was shipwrecked, captured, and handed over to Emperor Henry VI. A large portion of the 150,000-mark ransom was raised through heavy taxing of the people of England, and Richard was freed in February of 1194. Upon returning to England he had a second coronation to demonstrate that he still had control of the country, then promptly went to Normandy and never returned. The next five years were spent in periodic warfare with King Philip II of France. Richard died from a wound inflicted when besieging the castle of Chà ¢lus. His marriage to Berengaria of Navarre had produced no children, and the English crown passed to his brother John. For a more detailed look at this popular English king, visit your Guides Biography of Richard the Lionheart. More Richard the Lionhearted Resources: Biography of Richard the LionheartRichard the Lionheart Image GalleryRichard the Lionheart in PrintRichard the Lionheart on the Web Richard the Lionheart on Film Henry II (Peter OToole) must choose which of his three surviving sons will succeed him, and a vicious verbal battle ensues between himself and his strong-willed queen. Richard is portrayed by Anthony Hopkins (in his first feature film); Katharine Hepburn won an Oscar ® for her portrayal of Eleanor.Medieval Renaissance Monarchs of England The CrusadesMedieval BritainMedieval FranceChronological IndexGeographical IndexIndex by Profession, Achievement, or Role in Society

Sunday, December 22, 2019

Homework - 1019 Words

Hist 1301- Test 1 Part 1- In the beginning of the New World, the Natives and Europeans benefited from each other. While the natives used the European advanced technology to surpass other tribes, the Europeans were learning how to cultivate the land. The Natives introduced tobacco to the Europeans which later went on to be one of their main exports. Eventually the binds between both would break and the Europeans would drive the natives off their land. Part 2- Europeans were introduced to slavery in Africa, where they had colonies that were directly involved with the slave trade. This made it inevitable for slavery to find its way over to the Americas. One of the major pull factors for slavery was the opportunity†¦show more content†¦Their military rule held the colony together only in the beginning, but the harsh winters and lack of necessary supplies were too much for them at the time. At one point the colony was even abandoned but the refuges ran into a fleet that was heading toward Jamestown and were forced to return and help reestablish the colony. Eventually the Jamestown colony was introduced to tobacco and started harvesting it in mass quantities. This later became their substitute for the gold mines they originally came looking for; as a matter of fact the Jamestown tobacco plantations were the biggest of the time and would remain that way for many years to come. Eventually the New England colony would become a re fuge for those seeking freedom of religion. They depended a lot on England; they were known for their trade and could easily be known as the better established and successful colony of the time. Jamestown seemed to be the better established out of the two English colonies, especially with its productive production of tobacco for export. The Natives came off as an easy target to the Europeans because of their lack of advanced technologies such as guns and lack of organization, and their fondness for the simpler ways of life. The Europeans that came over to the Americas worked together and were united as one people, where the Natives were divided among tribes and were looking to benefit from trade withShow MoreRelatedIs Homework Harmful Or Helpful?878 Words   |  4 PagesOdera Is Homework harmful or helpful?. Homework is defined as an out of class task assigned to students to help them practice and prepare for their future. Homework has been around for a very long time. It is set and traced as a tradition of having teachers assigning work and students working on it. Parents demand that teachers require it and teachers verbally express that parents demand more of it. teachers assign homework to avail some students ameliorate their grade and pass the courseRead MoreThe Pros And Cons Of Homework1413 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Å"Homework, which has long been a battleground among teachers, parents, and students, is coming under more scrutiny than ever as the divide grows between resistors and its proponents† (Luke). Homework has been a part of every student s life since 1905 and recently has become a topic that people can not come to an agreement on. Students, teachers, and parents continually go back and forth everyday regarding the type of and amount of homework students receive. Al though some people might think homeworkRead MoreExcessive Amounts Of Homework1163 Words   |  5 PagesExcessive Amounts of Homework is Not Beneficial Homework is defined as tasks assigned to students by school teachers that are intended to be carried out during non-school hours. The most common purpose of homework is to have students practice the material already presented in class also to reinforce learning and ease comprehension of specific skills. Homework has been a debatable topic for many years. Some researches agree that homework is beneficial while others disagree with that statement. FurtherRead MorePersuasive Essay Homework1054 Words   |  5 PagesShould homework be given in school? Although homework gives students a chance to succeed in a very competitive world, it takes up a lot of time in the day, it doesn’t help students grow academically, and it also takes a toll on the personal lives and the health of many students. Kids go to school everyday for 6-7 hours a day, and are stuffed with things to memorize and ‘understand’ everyday until test day comes and they throw up all the information on the test, only to forget it after a weekRead MoreThe Effects of Homework on Education1681 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction The debate over homework has become a controversial one throughout the years. Most of the general population is on the uprise to stop homework, while education providers try to endure its existence. While the general population see homework as a burden and unnecessary, the real idea of homework creates an obvious path of success. Part of that path to success is do to the instructors use of homework in the correct manner. While the other path, is the completion and practice a studentRead MoreBenefits Of Assigning Homework1579 Words   |  7 Pagesthis paper is to discuss the long debate over whether or not homework should be assigned within the school system. 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John Hattie explores a study done by Cooper in 1989. â€Å"Cooper’s results suggest that more task-oriented homework had higher effects than did deep learning and problem solving homework†¦ Homework involving high level conceptual thinking and projectRead MoreThe Pros and Cons of Homework Essay939 Words   |  4 PagesHomework: Does it Help, or Harm Us? When a class is almost over and a teacher starts assigning homework, every students heart drops. When students have an excess of homework, they do not do as well. Even though homework is a good tool to help teachers teach students subjects, teachers should give less homework because too much homework causes mental health issues in students and less homework helps improve test scores. The first reason teachers should give students less homework is that it takes

Saturday, December 14, 2019

Freedom and Slavery Free Essays

The United States promotes that freedom is a right deserved by all humanity. Throughout the history of America the government has found ways to deprive selected people this right by race, gender, class and in other ways as well for its own benefit. This is a boundary of freedom. We will write a custom essay sample on Freedom and Slavery or any similar topic only for you Order Now Boundaries of freedom outline who is able to enjoy their freedom and who isn’t. These people alter with time and as history unfolds. Slavery and the journey of their freedom was a big part of the foundation of the United States. At the beginning of the Civil War, Lincoln’s goal was to restore the Union and planned on keeping slavery present in the states. African American’s journey to freedom and what freedom means was a long and turbulent one. With the British colonies being established in the New World, a source of cheap labor was needed. The Slave Trade was introduced into the colonies from Africa. Slaves were an important part of the success of this new economy being built. 7. 7 million African Americans were estimated to be transported to the New World between 1492 to 1820. They were treated like other goods and were sold through the triangular trade route across the Atlantic. Slavery had its advantages to Englishmen. They couldn’t claim the protections the English law offered, their time of work never ended and their children were born into slavery and owned by the master as well. They also had encountered many diseases known to Europe and were less likely to capitulate to diseases. Slavery began to replace indentured servants on the Chesapeake plantations. To the normal plantation owner, it became more economical to buy labor for life, or a slave that you owned until they died. Slaves could be sold, passed on to family members, and leased. No black could own arms or put their hands on a white or else they were faced with extreme consequences. Also, if off the plantation, a white person could ask a black to provide their freedom certificate or a note of permission to be off the plantation from the master they also faced extreme consequences. Slaves were like children to whites. They could not rebel without repercussions and could not betray or leave their owner. They had free labor that could not go anywhere; slavery was a huge benefit and was like a dream for a plantation owner. They were essential to production and cultivation of crops and plantations. By 1700, slavery was existent in all of the colonies. The House of Burgesses realized that slaves were an extremely important part of the labor force and therefore, to the economy. A new slave code was enacted in 1705 stating that slaves were property of their owners and to the white community. Slaves were the legal responsibility of the master and if they started to rebel it was the master’s obligation to keep them in line. Slavery also brought a new division of people to the New World. The slaves that were transported to the colonies for labor were not all from the same culture, race or society. They spoke different languages, had diverse customs and had many various religions. Many of these people would have never come in contact with each other if not for this slave trade. An overall stereotype of African’s was what they now where known as. There cultures and ideologies emerged into a single background and ancestry for people born into this lifestyle and they no longer came from different tribes or kinships. There new culture was based on African traditions, English fundamentals and American standards. This could almost be considered as the first installment of America becoming known as a ‘melting pot’. Slavery was a huge part of the development of the New World and to the rise of its commercial supremacy. In Britain the profits from the slave trade encouraged the growth of ports, banking, ship building and helped to finance the industrial revolution. It also boosted the colonies wealth and set the foundation for the strong economical society it would later become. As a historian would later transcribe: â€Å"The growth and prosperity of the emerging society of free colonial British America †¦ were achieved as a result of slave labor†. How to cite Freedom and Slavery, Papers

Friday, December 6, 2019

Workplace Bullying and Harrasement

Question: Discuss about theWorkplace Bullying and Harrasement. Answer: Introduction: Bullying is basically the verbal comments or the acts that hurt an individual mentally or can even isolate the individual at the workplace. It is often seen at some instances that bullying involves negative physical contact. Bullying can be defined or characterized as the insulting or malicious behavior or the misuse of the power or abuse to an individual that can humiliate the individual and can create offensive environment.(ACAS, 2012) Bullying can be against an individual or a group of people at the workplace. The bullying and the harassment issues are seen to be very serious issues at the workplace that require adequate steps to be taken by the employers. The bullying and harassment often leads to negative impacts on the job due to which the victim may undergo stress, anxiety, anger and low level of commitment on the job.(Gov Uk, 2012) This issue is very important to be discussed and cured due to the main reason that it affects the productivity at the organization and creates negative atmosphere at the workplace. The bullying and the harassment affect the individual, co-workers and the organization. The problems that are faced by the individuals at the workplace due to the bullying and harassment includes : loosing the self confidence, depression, stress, disturbed sleep, eating problems, shock and anger, family stress and tension , not able to concentrate, low morale, feeling of frustration and mental or physical disorder and blaming oneself. On the other hand the effects of the bullying and harassment at the workplace affects the organization by increasing the costs for hiring new employees as the employees tend to leave the organization when bullied, increase in the absenteeism , decrease motivation and productivity, reduction in the corporate image, increase in the risk of accidents, poor customer service and d iversion of the efforts of the employees away from the productivity of the organization and increase in the outsourcing costs for keeping an eye on the behavior of the employees.(Hoel Zapf, 2010) There are various examples of bullying. It is basically a form of aggression but the action of the bullying re subtle. The examples of the bullying include: Isolation and exclusion of an individual socially Abusing physically or threatening Change in the work guidelines on constant basis Intimidating an individual Spread of negative words, gossips or rumors against a person that are not true Setting unattainable deadlines for an individual that are not possible to attain Deliberately impeding the work of a person Making offensive jokes against a person(Marrie, 2016) Giving wrong information to a person purposefully or withholding important information Giving undeserved punishments to an individual Creating an atmosphere of uselessness by not giving work to the individual; Blocking the various application of the person that includes the leave applications, training or promotion applications. Yelling on the person Tampering with the personal belonging of an individual or his work equipments Assigning the duties that are not reasonable and overloading the person with extra work by putting unnecessary pressures Unfair treatment Bibliography ACAS, 2012. Bullying and harassment at work. In Bullying and harassment at work. London. Gov Uk, 2012. Gov.uk. [Online] Available at: https://www.gov.uk/workplace-bullying-and-harassment [Accessed 6 October 2016]. Hoel, H. Zapf, D., 2010. Bullying and Harassment in the Workplace: Developments in Theory. 2nd ed. CRC press. Marrie, A., 2016. The Handbook of Dealing with Workplace Bullying - Page 76. London: Routledge.